SACRAMENTO — As the state’s costliest housing markets and high rents threaten to force all but the highest-paid workers into ever-longer commutes, California lawmakers have introduced a bill to help more teachers, firefighters and other middle-income workers live close to their jobs.
The new legislation, Assembly Bill 3152, would give nonprofit housing developers property tax exemptions on homes in high-cost areas that are rented at a discount to those with moderate incomes. The tax breaks, currently available to developers of low-income housing, would make middle-income rental housing easier to build.
“During the housing crisis, middle-income Californians are in a very tough spot,” said Assemblyman David Chiu, D-San Francisco, who is carrying the bill. “They don’t qualify for low-income affordable housing, but also can’t afford market rents.”
The struggle of the state’s middle-income residents is one of several fronts Sacramento lawmakers have been attacking as they look to ease the housing crisis and its related disaster: jammed freeways and two-hour commutes between job hubs like the Bay Area and more affordable parts of the state. Other housing legislation runs the gamut from boosting the overall supply of housing to expanding renter protections.
In counties where the median income for a household of four is $97,400, a family of four earning up to $116,900 could be eligible for the moderate-income housing built under AB 3152. In counties where the median income is even higher, a household of the same size earning as much as $135,950 is considered moderate income by the state.
While those salaries might go a long way in other parts of the country, the average monthly rent in Los Angeles was $1,883 in the last quarter of 2017, according to data from Reis Inc. and RealPage. Orange County’s asking rent wasn’t far behind, averaging $1,871 a month. Inland Empire rents averaged $1,299 a month.
Often, when nonprofit developers make their affordable-housing pitches to local governments, city officials ask what can be done for middle-income workers, said Michael Lane, policy director for the Non-Profit Housing Association of Northern California, which is co-sponsoring the bill.
“We’ve historically had to say there’s very little we can do,” he said.
Public agencies, such as school districts, already receive tax breaks for workforce housing on government-owned land. But, Lane said, there are no longer subsidies or tax credits available to build homes on private property for middle-income Californians.
On Monday, AB 3152 won the unanimous approval of the Assembly Revenue and Taxation Committee. It will be heard next by the Assembly Housing and Community Development Committee.